Volume 3 Issue 1
The Elderly›s Perspective in Iran: A Sociological Appraisal
Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi*
The paper explores how mounting elderly are facing lack of leisure and recreations in Iran in general and in Tehran in particular. Though their number is increasing, and their life patterns changing as compared with the past aging people, yet they lack leisure services. Income, neighborhood and social status all influence what an older person chooses to do. Those with low income, and little education, and those with high income, or middle income and more education show different involvement in leisure pursuits.
Falls and Orthostatic Hypotension in Older Adults: Re-examining Limits
Alycia Cleinman MD*, Michael E. Griswold PhD, Eleanor M. Simonsick PhD, W. Mark Meeks MD, Katharine T Gregg MD, Luigi Ferrucci MD PhD, B. Gwen Windham MD MHS
Complications from falls are the most common cause of injury-related death in older adults. Approximately one third of community-dwelling older adults reports falling annually. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) occurs in 4-33% of older adults, increases with age, and is associated with falls. However, conflicting studies report positive associations no associations or associations with recurrent falls only and OH.
Vascular Alterations Associated With Cognitive Deficits in Geriatric Individuals With Peripheral Arterial Disease
Naomi Vidal Ferreira*, Danielle Irigoyen da Costa, Chin Jia Lin, Cristiano Mostarda, Fernanda Consolim-Colombo, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen, Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
Peripheral arterial disease is associated with cognitive impairments and carotid intima-media thickness alterations, but little is known about the relationship between intima-media thickness and cognition in geriatric patients with peripheral arterial disease. We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing 26 geriatric individuals with peripheral arterial disease and 26 controls. Both groups had a similar composition in terms of age and gender.
The Influences of Anxiety, Depression, and Coping Strategies On Older Adults’ Suicidal Ideation
Suicide is a major public health issue for older adults as they have a high rate of completing suicide. In 2014 the CDC reported that 5367 older adults (aged 65 and older) used firearms to commit suicide. The highest suicide rate was among people 85 years or older. In 2014, the highest suicide rate (19.3 per 100,000 individuals) was among people 85 years or older. The second highest rate (19.2 per 100,000 individuals) occurred in those between 45 and 64 years of age. The annual age-adjusted suicide rate is 12.93 per 100,000 individuals.
Elderly Abuse : A Neglected Issue in Developing Countries
Hom Nath Chalise*
Population ageing is an important issue globally. Abuse of the elderly is an important social and public health issue arising from this increase in longevity. Most of the literature on elder abuse is based on studies conducted in developed countries and very little is known about elder abuse in developing countries. There is also cultural variation how abuse of the elderly is perceived. The volume of the elderly population is increasing rapidly in developing countries while traditional social support systems are deteriorating each day due to urbanization and modernization.
Effects of All Out-Cycling Bouts on Left Ventricular Function in Master Cyclists
Saghiv M*, Goldhammer E, Ben-Sira D3, Sagiv M
Echocardiography studies have been utilized in a variety of settings to evaluate left ventricular function and contractility. Left ventricular function indices measured previously have been shown to increase with aerobic exercise, primarily due to decreased afterload. Anaerobic exercise brings about oxygen debt, which increases blood lactate concentration, in direct associated with increase in maximum performance and exposes the subjects to a very high degree of sudden strenuous all-out exercise relying primarily on the glycolysis pathway.
Visceral Amebiasis of the Elderly: A Report About Two Cases Observed In the Department Of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics at Treichville University Hospital
Konan Michel*, Acko Ubrich, Binan Yves, Bita Darius, Ouattara Rokia, Dosso Soualhio, Adom Hilaire, ToutouToussaint
Amebiasis is a cosmopolitan parasitosis. Approximately 10% of the world’s population is chronically infected with Entamoeba histolytica. The majority of this population lives in the tropical zone. It is the third leading cause of death due to a parasitic infection throughout the world after malaria and schistosomiasis. In only 1% of cases the infection evolves towards the formation of abscesses, generally hepatic, and more rarely pulmonary or cerebral: it is visceral amebiasis.