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Articles in Press   

April 2017

Volume 3  Issue 1

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Research article

The Elderly›s Perspective in Iran: A Sociological Appraisal

Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi*

The paper explores how mounting elderly are facing lack of leisure and recreations in Iran in general and in Tehran in particular.  Though their number is increasing, and their life patterns changing as compared with the past aging people, yet they lack leisure services. Income, neighborhood and social status all influence what an older person chooses to do. Those with low income, and little education, and those with high income, or middle income and more education show different involvement in leisure pursuits.

 

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Research article

Falls and Orthostatic Hypotension in Older Adults: Re-examining Limits

Alycia Cleinman MD*, Michael E. Griswold PhD, Eleanor M. Simonsick PhD, W. Mark Meeks MD, Katharine T Gregg MD, Luigi Ferrucci MD PhD, B. Gwen Windham MD MHS

Complications from falls are the most common cause of injury-related death in older adults. Approximately one third of community-dwelling older adults reports falling annually. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) occurs in 4-33% of older adults, increases with age, and is associated with falls. However, conflicting studies report positive associations no associations or associations with recurrent falls only and OH.

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Research article

The Influences of Anxiety, Depression, and Coping Strategies On Older Adults’ Suicidal Ideation

Pi-Ming Yeh*

Suicide is a major public health issue for older adults as they have a high rate of completing suicide. In 2014 the CDC reported that 5367 older adults (aged 65 and older) used firearms to commit suicide. The highest suicide rate was among people 85 years or older. In 2014, the highest suicide rate (19.3 per 100,000 individuals) was among people 85 years or older. The second highest rate (19.2 per 100,000 individuals) occurred in those between 45 and 64 years of age. The annual age-adjusted suicide rate is 12.93 per 100,000 individuals.

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Review article

Elderly Abuse : A Neglected Issue in Developing Countries

Hom Nath Chalise*

Population ageing is an important issue globally. Abuse of the elderly is an important social and public health issue arising from this increase in longevity. Most of the literature on elder abuse is based on studies conducted in developed countries and very little is known about elder abuse in developing countries. There is also cultural variation how abuse of the elderly is perceived. The volume of the elderly population is increasing rapidly in developing countries while traditional social support systems are deteriorating each day due to urbanization and modernization.

 

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Review article

Effects of All Out-Cycling Bouts on Left Ventricular Function in Master Cyclists

Saghiv M*, Goldhammer E, Ben-Sira D3, Sagiv M

Echocardiography studies have been utilized in a variety of settings to evaluate left ventricular function and contractility. Left ventricular function indices measured previously have been shown to increase with aerobic exercise, primarily due to decreased afterload. Anaerobic exercise brings about oxygen debt, which increases blood lactate concentration, in direct associated with increase in maximum performance and exposes the subjects to a very high degree of sudden strenuous all-out exercise relying primarily on the glycolysis pathway.

 

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